mTORC1-chaperonin CCT signaling regulates mA RNA methylation to suppress autophagy

Citation:

Tang H-W, Weng J-H, Lee WX, Hu Y, Gu L, Cho S, et al. mTORC1-chaperonin CCT signaling regulates mA RNA methylation to suppress autophagy. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2021;118 (10).

Date Published:

2021 Mar 09

Abstract:

Mechanistic Target of Rapamycin Complex 1 (mTORC1) is a central regulator of cell growth and metabolism that senses and integrates nutritional and environmental cues with cellular responses. Recent studies have revealed critical roles of mTORC1 in RNA biogenesis and processing. Here, we find that the mA methyltransferase complex (MTC) is a downstream effector of mTORC1 during autophagy in and human cells. Furthermore, we show that the Chaperonin Containing Tailless complex polypeptide 1 (CCT) complex, which facilitates protein folding, acts as a link between mTORC1 and MTC. The mTORC1 activates the chaperonin CCT complex to stabilize MTC, thereby increasing mA levels on the messenger RNAs encoding autophagy-related genes, leading to their degradation and suppression of autophagy. Altogether, our study reveals an evolutionarily conserved mechanism linking mTORC1 signaling with mA RNA methylation and demonstrates their roles in suppressing autophagy.

Last updated on 03/08/2021